Prehistoric Eversden

I have just picked up my last batch of finds, which I took into the Finds Liaison Officer at County Hall in Cambridge and I am delighted to share with you the analysis of the flint specimens I took in.

Neolithic Flint Knife:

Featuring one serated edge and having a natural patina of light grey to white, this is clearly a knife dating to the Neolithic to early Bronze Age. This means the implement may well have been in use in the parish somewhere between 3200 to 1500 BC. The serated edge is still sharp (shown on the bottom of the photo), and I am sure would still be able to cut flesh, or plant matter if tested. The knife is 4.6cm long , and 2.2 cm wide, weighing 4.3 grams.

Neolithic Knife - Great Eversden
Neolithic Knife - Great Eversden

Neolithic Burin:

The next piece has been identified as a Late Neolithic burin (an implement with a point or “face” specifically designed to carve wood or bone). This example has a thin patina of pale blue/grey and has touches of white colour. It is darker grey where it has been worked. If you can make it out on the photos ( and you may like to try holding down the CTRL Key and if you have one, running the mouse wheel in and out to get a larger picture), the reworking is quite noticeable on this piece. This is where following the removal of the main piece from the flint core, the flint knapper then went along the edge of the implement chipping away at the edges to make the desired sharp face that he or she required.

Late Neolithic Burin - Great Eversden
Late Neolithic Burin - Great Eversden
Late Nelothic Burin - Great Eversden
Late Nelothic Burin - Great Eversden

The piece is considered complete and measures 3.1cm in length and 2.2cm in width, weighing 5.14 grams. As you can tell it is a crude piece in comparison with the knife shown above, which is typical of a late Neolithic/Early Bronze Age artefact. As a rule, a metal working began to spread flint knapping skills declined…This piece is more likely to fit in the date range circa 2500-1500 BC

Neolithic Core:

The last piece is a beautiful example of a small flint core which still shows evidence of the blade scars where it was struck to remove tiny blades for use possibly in a spear, harpoon or sickle. It has a heavy white patination and because it is broken one can tell the flint inside is grey/black in consistency. It is wide and 2.5 cms long weighing 6.8 grams.

Late Neolithic Core - Great Eversden
Late Neolithic Core - Great Eversden

The core and the burin were found on the site of East Spring in the village, not surpirsingly fresh running water was important to the Neolthic farmers/hunters just as it was to prove a draw to the Roman farmers who later occupied the same site.

The knife was found down towards the Bourn Brook, and I will conduct some detailed field walking around the site to see whether it part of an assemblage or a stray find from a possible hunting party…

Its personally very satisfying to have these flint finds confirmed as real objects, as you may have gathered from the other posts on my site, Great Eversden was long considered an archaeological back water… now I have evidence going back 8000 yrs for people interacting with the landscape in and around the village, and yes , I LOVE IT!


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